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Types of Cancer

Cancer is a process – a series of events that begin at the molecular level in the human body and continue through a journey that patients and healthcare providers must take to deal with the personal and medical ramifications of this disease. For various possible reasons, cells that were once healthy undergo changes that trigger them to multiply uncontrollably.

There are more than 200 types of cancer. Each one is caused as a result of genetic or environmental changes, or both. Because each type of cancer is so different, it is not likely there will ever be a single screening or diagnostic test or treatment for all types. There is a wide array of treatments available. Increasingly, treatments are becoming more targeted to a specific type of cancer. With advances in molecular oncology – the study of the molecular mechanisms of cancer – and human genetics research, we will be moving more and more into the era of individualized testing and treatment for cancer.

Some of the more common types of cancer are:

  • Bladder
  • Brain
  • Breast
  • Cervix uteri (cervical)
  • Colorectal
  • Corpus uteri (uterine)
  • Esophagus
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Kidney
  • Larynx
  • Leukaemia
  • Lip
  • Lung
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Oral cavity
  • Ovary
  • Pancreas
  • Prostate
  • Skin
  • Stomach
  • Testis
  • Thyroid
Last modified: Tue, Feb 17, 2015
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